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ARKEO 1200 : Ancient Peoples and Places
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 1200 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
A broad introduction to archaeology-the study of material remains to answer questions about the human past. Case studies highlight the variability of ancient societies and illustrate the varied methods and interpretive frameworks archaeologists use to reconstruct them. This course can serve as a platform for both archaeology and anthropology undergraduate majors.
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ARKEO 2165 : They Were What They Ate: Food in the Ancient World
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 2165 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Dana Bardolph
"Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you who you are," wrote renowned gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin in 1825. Since then, it has become axiomatic within anthropology that social relationships are constructed through food-related practices and embodied in food, from the most basic tasks of acquiring food resources to the social and political contexts of the consumption of food and drink. In this course, we will consider the theoretical and methodological approaches that archaeologists use to study food and eating in ancient societies from a global anthropological perspective. Topics to be addressed include transitions to agriculture; ritual foodways; feasting and politics; gender and identity; colonialism; and food scarcity. Readings will include a range of Old and New World case studies.
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ARKEO 2201 : Early Agriculture
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 2201 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Nerissa Russell
Throughout most of the human career, people survived by hunting and gathering wild foods. The advent of food production is one of the most profound changes in (pre)history. This course examines the current evidence for the appearance and spread of agriculture (plant and animal domestication) around the world. We will consider definitions of agriculture and domestication, the conditions under which it arises, the consequences for those who adopt it, and why it has spread over most of the world.
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ARKEO 2245 : Health and Disease in the Ancient World
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 2245, BSOC 2245 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Matthew Velasco
The history of humankind is also a history of health and disease; the rise of agricultural societies, ancient cities, and colonial empires had wide-ranging effects on diet and nutrition, the spread of infectious diseases, and occurrence of other health conditions. This history has also been shaped by complex interactions between environment, technology, and society. Using archaeological, environmental, textual, and skeletal evidence, we will survey major epidemiological transitions from the Paleolithic to the age of European conquest. We will also examine diverse cultural experiences of health, illness, and the body. How do medical practices from "pre-modern" societies, such as the medieval Islamic world and the Inca Empire, challenge dominant narratives of scientific development? The implications of past health patterns for modern-day communities will also be explored.
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ARKEO 2666 : Jerusalem the Holy in Judaism, Christianity and Islam
Crosslisted as: JWST 2666, NES 2666, RELST 2666 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Jeff Zorn
Jerusalem is a holy city to the adherents of the three great monotheistic faiths: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. For most of its existence it has also been a national capital or major provincial center for the many states and empires which vied for control of the vital land bridge connecting Africa, Europe and Asia. Thus many of the pivotal events which shaped western civilization were played out in the streets and structures of Jerusalem. This class will explore the history, archaeology, natural topography and role of Jerusalem throughout its long life, from its earliest remains in the Chalcolithic period (ca. 4000 B.C.E.) to the 19th century, including Jebusite Jerusalem, Jerusalem as the capital of the Davidic dynasty, the Roman era city of Herod and Jesus, the Crusaders and medieval Jerusalem, and Ottoman Jerusalem as the city entered the modern era. Students will examine the original historical sources (e.g. the Bible, Josephus, the Madeba map, etc.) which pertain to Jerusalem. PowerPoint lectures will be used to illustrate the natural features, man-made monuments, and artifacts which flesh out the textual material, providing a fuller image of the world's most prominent spiritual and secular capital.
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ARKEO 2668 : Ancient Egyptian Civilization
Crosslisted as: NES 2668 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Christopher Monroe
The course surveys the history and culture of pharaonic Egypt from its prehistoric origins down to the early first millennium bce. Within a chronological framework, the following themes or topics will be considered: the development of the Egyptian state (monarchy, administration, ideology), social organization (class, gender and family, slavery), economic factors, and empire and international relations.
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ARKEO 2743 : Archaeology/Roman Private Life
Crosslisted as: ARTH 2221, CLASS 2743 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
What was it like to live in the Roman world?  What did that world look, taste and smell like?  How did Romans raise their families, entertain themselves, understand death, and interact with their government? What were Roman values and how did they differ from our own?  This course takes as its subject the everyday lives of individuals and explores those lives using the combined tools of archaeology, architecture and art, as well as some primary source readings.  In doing so, it seeks to integrate those monuments into a world of real people, and to use archaeology to narrate a story about ancient lives and life habits. Some of the topics explored will include the Roman house; the Roman family, children and slaves; bathing and hygiene; food; gardens, agriculture and animals.
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ARKEO 3000 : Undergraduate Independent Study in Archaeology and Related Fields
Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Volman
Thomas Green
Denise Van Oyen
Astrid Velasco
Matthew
Undergraduate students pursue topics of particular interest under the guidance of a faculty member.
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ARKEO 3000 : Undergraduate Independent Study in Archaeology and Related Fields
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Velasco
Matthew
Undergraduate students pursue topics of particular interest under the guidance of a faculty member.
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ARKEO 3090 : Introduction to Dendrochronology
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 6755, ARTH 3250, CLASS 3750, CLASS 6755, MEDVL 3750 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Carol Griggs
Brita Lorentzen
Introduction and training in dendrochronology (tree-ring dating) and its applications in archaeology, art history, climate and environment through lab work and participation in ongoing research projects using ancient to modern wood samples from around the world. Supervised reading and laboratory/project work. Possibilities exists for summer fieldwork in the Mediterranean, Mexico, and New York State.
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ARKEO 3235 : Bioarchaeology
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 3235, ANTHR 6235, ARKEO 6235 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Matthew Velasco
Bioarchaeology is the study of human remains from archaeological sites. Like forensic scientists at the scene of the crime, bioarchaeologists search for clues embedded in human bone and mummified tissues to reconstruct how ancient peoples lived and died. As a dynamic living system, the human skeleton responds not only to hormones that govern human development but also to physiological stress brought on by disease, malnutrition, and trauma. The human body is also an artifact molded by cultural understandings of gender, prestige, self-expression, and violence. In this course, students will learn the scientific techniques for estimating skeletal age and sex, diagnosing pathology, and reconstructing diet and migration patterns. This course emphasizes the critical integration of biological and cultural evidence for understanding past individuals and societies.  
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ARKEO 3588 : Biblical Archaeology
Crosslisted as: JWST 3588, NES 3588, NES 6588, RELST 3588 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Lauren Monroe
The purpose of the course is to place the Bible within the context of a larger ancient world that can be explored by systematic excavation of physical remains. Students will become familiar with archaeological excavations and finds from ancient Syria-Palestine from 10,000 bce to 586 bce. We will explore this archaeological evidence on its own terms, taking into consideration factors such as archaeological method and the interpretive frameworks in which the excavators themselves work, as well as the implications of this body of evidence for understanding the complexity and diversity of biblical Israel.
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ARKEO 3600 : Pre-Industrial Cities and Towns in North America
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 6660, CRP 3600, CRP 6660, LA 3600, LA 6660 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Sherene Baugher
Various American Indian civilizations as well as diverse European cultures have all exerted their influences on the organization of town and city living. The course considers how each culture has altered the landscape in its own unique way as it created its own built environments.
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ARKEO 3661 : Sumerian Language and Culture I
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 6661, SUMER 3661, SUMER 6661 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Jonathan Tenney
This course is an intense introduction for undergraduate and graduate students to the earliest written language, Sumerian, and its cuneiform script. Each week will feature grammar lessons and a reading of an important Sumerian historical or literary work in English translation. Through lecture and discussion, the class will explore the deep roots of the Sumerian historical memory, the origins of Mesopotamian civilization, and the role of the central government in the development of writing.
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ARKEO 3738 : Identity in the Ancient World
Crosslisted as: CLASS 3738, RELST 3738 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Astrid Van Oyen
Have you ever been asked 'who are you' or 'which group do you belong to'? You would have noted how the answer shifts according to who is asking, in which context, etc. While everyone is unique, the possible replies in any one situation are largely defined at the level of society. What is less often realized, however, is that identity shows in particular in ways of doing: what and how one eats; what one wears and when; how one moves in a space. Archaeology is in a unique position to investigate these questions, and the Greek and Roman worlds offer a fruitful test ground, both because of their varied evidence, and because of their peculiar echoing in the modern world and its manifold identities. This course will address current theories about identity and its formation, discuss the various facets of identity (e.g. gender, religion, ethnicity) in the Greek and Roman worlds, and introduce tools for studying identity in the past.
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ARKEO 4020 : Designing Archaeological Exhibits
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 6020, LA 4050, LA 6050 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Sherene Baugher
Students will learn method and theory on museum design and curation. The course also provides hands-on experience in designing and building exhibits for State Parks in the Finger Lakes. For the outreach component, students will work with staff from State Parks and Friends of the Parks.
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ARKEO 4235 : Meaningful Stuff: Interpreting Material Culture
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4235, ANTHR 7235, ARKEO 7235 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Frederic Gleach
"Res ipsa loquitur" -- the thing speaks for itself. This common expression captures a widespread belief about objects' roles in human lives, but "hearing" what objects have to say is actually a complex cultural process. An object rarely has a single meaning; they are read variously in different cultural settings, and even by different individuals within a cultural system. How does one know -- can one know -- the meanings of an object? How are objects strategically deployed in social interaction (particularly in cross-cultural interactions, where each side may have radically different understandings)? How does one even know what an object is? We will explore the history and variety of ways that material culture and its meanings have been studied, using archaeological and ethnographic examples.
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ARKEO 4246 : Human Osteology
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4246, ANTHR 7246, ARKEO 7246 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Matthew Velasco
This is an intensive laboratory course in the study of human skeletal remains. A detailed knowledge of skeletal anatomy is fundamental to forensic anthropology, bioarchaeology, and the medical sciences. This course teaches students how to identify all 206 bones and 32 teeth of the human skeleton, in both complete and fragmentary states. Students will also learn osteological methods for establishing a biological profile (age-at-death, sex, stature, and biological affinity) and documenting skeletal trauma and pathological lesions. Hands-on laboratory training will be supplemented by case studies that demonstrate the importance of human osteology for criminal investigations in the present and the study of health and violence in the past. The ethics of working with human remains are also discussed.
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ARKEO 4256 : Time and History in Ancient Mexico
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4256, ANTHR 7250, ARKEO 7250, LATA 4250, LATA 7250 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
An introduction to belief systems in ancient Mexico and Central America, emphasizing the blending of religion, astrology, myth, history, and prophecy. Interpreting text and image in pre-Columbian books and inscriptions is a major focus.
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ARKEO 4264 : Zooarchaeological Interpretation
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4264, ANTHR 7264, ARKEO 7264 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Nerissa Russell
This course follows from last semester's Zooarchaeological Method. We will shift our emphasis here from basic skills to interpretation, although you will continue to work with archaeological bones. We will begin by examining topics surrounding the basic interpretation of raw faunal data: sampling, quantification, taphonomy, seasonality. We will then explore how to use faunal data to reconstruct subsistence patterns, social structure, and human/animal relations.
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ARKEO 4268 : Aztecs and Their Empire: Myth, History, and Politics
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4268, ANTHR 7268, ARKEO 7268, LATA 4268, LATA 7268 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
Examines the structure and history of the largest polity in ancient Mexico, the "empire" of the Aztecs, using descriptions left by Spanish invaders, accounts written by Aztecs under Colonial rule, and archaeological evidence. Explores Aztec visions of the past, emphasizing the roles of myth, religion, and identity in Aztec statecraft and the construction of history.
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ARKEO 4354 : Byzantine Archaeology
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 6354, ARTH 4354, ARTH 6354, CLASS 6754, NES 4354, NES 6354 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Benjamin Anderson
A seminar on the archaeology of the Byzantine Empire, from the late Roman through to the early modern periods. Topics to be covered include: long-term changes in settlement patterns and urban development; the material traces of state and monastic control over productive landscapes; the idea of the border and the nature of its defense; and the fraught relationship between "Byzantine" and "classical" archaeologies.
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ARKEO 4460 : Heritage and its Entanglements: Representing, Collecting, and Preserving Cultural Identity
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4460, ANTHR 7460, ARKEO 7460 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
An exploration of the ways that cultural heritage is embodied in things, particularly archaeological landscapes, sites, and artifacts.   Identifying stakeholders in relation to collecting and controlling these things and representing heritage is a key focus:  what voices should states and other political entities have?  local residents? descendants?  How should descendants be identified?  Other key topics include looting and the market in smuggled antiquities; repatriation; the ethics of studying and publishing looted objects; community engagement; forces that destroy heritage and strategies for preserving it; re-invented and imagined heritage.  These issues will be examined using the collections of the Johnson Museum of Art and through case studies, including Colonial Williamsburg, African Burial Ground, Harriet Tubman House, the ancient Maya, and archaeology in the Third Reich.
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ARKEO 4670 : Wealth and Power: Political Economy in Ancient Near Eastern States
Crosslisted as: NES 4670, NES 6670 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Christopher Monroe
Early states emerged when select groups gained control over wealth and power and institutionalized that control. How this was accomplished is a question of political economy that we can approach from archaeological, anthropological, and sociological perspectives. The course introduces students to the intellectual development of historical materialism in Smith, Marx, and Weber, among others, and traces their influence on later socioeconomic historians such as Polanyi and Finley. More recent approaches deriving from world-systems, gender studies, post-colonial studies, game theory, and network theory are then applied to case studies that include the emergence of a Mesopotamian state ca. 3400 BC, the Akkadian and Ur III empires, Old Babylonian and Old Assyrian trade, pharaonic Egypt, the international Late Bronze Age world, Aegean palatial civilization, and the Phoenicians. Students are welcome to present and write on other topics also. Monroe will provide context and clarification to assist with the specialist literature, but prior coursework in ancient studies will be advantageous in critically evaluating and writing about all the course readings.
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ARKEO 4981 : Honors Thesis Research
Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Volman
Thomas Green
Denise Van Oyen
Astrid Velasco
Matthew
Independent work under the close guidance of a faculty member.
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ARKEO 4981 : Honors Thesis Research
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Velasco
Matthew
Independent work under the close guidance of a faculty member.
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ARKEO 4982 : Honors Thesis Write-Up
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Velasco
Matthew
The student, under faculty direction, will prepare a senior thesis.
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ARKEO 4982 : Honors Thesis Write-Up
Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Volman
Thomas Green
Denise Van Oyen
Astrid Velasco
Matthew
The student, under faculty direction, will prepare a senior thesis.
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ARKEO 6000 : Graduate Independent Study in Archaeology
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Bruce Roebal
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Velasco
Matthew
Graduate students pursue advanced topics of particular interest under the guidance of a faculty member(s).
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ARKEO 6000 : Graduate Independent Study in Archaeology
Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Volman
Thomas Green
Denise Van Oyen
Astrid Velasco
Matthew
Graduate students pursue advanced topics of particular interest under the guidance of a faculty member(s).
Full details of ARKEO 6000
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ARKEO 6020 : Designing Archaeological Exhibits
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 4020, LA 4050, LA 6050 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Sherene Baugher
Students will learn method and theory on museum design and curation. The course also provides hands-on experience in designing and building exhibits for State Parks in the Finger Lakes. For the outreach component, students will work with staff from State Parks and Friends of the Parks.
Full details of ARKEO 6020
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ARKEO 6100 : The Craft of Archaeology
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Lori Khatchadourian
This course engages students in Archaeology and related fields in a semester-long discussion of the craft of archaeology with the faculty of the Cornell Institute of Archaeology and Material Studies. Each week, a different faculty member will moderate a conversation on the professional skills vital to the modern practice of archaeological research and the tools key to professionalization. Seminar topics include developing a research project and working with museum collections to matters of pedagogy and career development.
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ARKEO 6235 : Bioarchaeology
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 3235, ANTHR 6235, ARKEO 3235 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Matthew Velasco
Bioarchaeology is the study of human remains from archaeological sites. Like forensic scientists at the scene of the crime, bioarchaeologists search for clues embedded in human bone and mummified tissues to reconstruct how ancient peoples lived and died. As a dynamic living system, the human skeleton responds not only to hormones that govern human development but also to physiological stress brought on by disease, malnutrition, and trauma. The human body is also an artifact molded by cultural understandings of gender, prestige, self-expression, and violence. In this course, students will learn the scientific techniques for estimating skeletal age and sex, diagnosing pathology, and reconstructing diet and migration patterns. This course emphasizes the critical integration of biological and cultural evidence for understanding past individuals and societies.
Full details of ARKEO 6235
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ARKEO 6354 : Byzantine Archaeology
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 4354, ARTH 4354, ARTH 6354, CLASS 6754, NES 4354, NES 6354 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Benjamin Anderson
A seminar on the archaeology of the Byzantine Empire, from the late Roman through to the early modern periods. Topics to be covered include: long-term changes in settlement patterns and urban development; the material traces of state and monastic control over productive landscapes; the idea of the border and the nature of its defense; and the fraught relationship between "Byzantine" and "classical" archaeologies.
Full details of ARKEO 6354
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ARKEO 6660 : Pre-Industrial Cities and Towns in North America
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 3600, CRP 3600, CRP 6660, LA 3600, LA 6660 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Sherene Baugher
Various American Indian civilizations as well as diverse European cultures have all exerted their influences on the organization of town and city living. The course considers how each culture has altered the landscape in its own unique way as it created its own built environments.
Full details of ARKEO 6660
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ARKEO 6661 : Sumerian Language and Culture I
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 3661, SUMER 3661, SUMER 6661 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Jonathan Tenney
This course is an intense introduction for undergraduate and graduate students to the earliest written language, Sumerian, and its cuneiform script. Each week will feature grammar lessons and a reading of an important Sumerian historical or literary work in English translation. Through lecture and discussion, the class will explore the deep roots of the Sumerian historical memory, the origins of Mesopotamian civilization, and the role of the central government in the development of writing.
Full details of ARKEO 6661
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ARKEO 6755 : Archaeological Dendrochronology
Crosslisted as: ARKEO 3090, ARTH 3250, CLASS 3750, CLASS 6755, MEDVL 3750 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Carol Griggs
Brita Lorentzen
An introduction to the field of Dendrochronology and associated topics with an emphasis on their applications in the field of archaeology and related heritage-buildings fields. Course aimed at graduate level with a focus on critique of scholarship in the field and work on a project as part of the course.
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ARKEO 7000 : CIAMS Core Seminar in Archaeological Theory and Method
Crosslisted as: CLASS 7700 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Astrid Van Oyen
Archaeology studies the past through its material remains. In doing so, it builds on wide-ranging theories and methods to develop its own disciplinary toolbox. This graduate seminar explores this toolbox, treating a topic of broad theoretical and/or methodological interest such as emerging topics in archaeological thought, the history of archaeological theory, key archaeological methods, themes that tie archaeology to the wider domain of the humanities and social sciences, or some combination of the above. The seminar is taught by various members of the Archaeology faculty, each of whom offers their own version of the seminar. The seminar is required for incoming CIAMS M.A. students, and needed for CIAMS membership for Ph.D. students.
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ARKEO 7235 : Meaningful Stuff: Interpreting Material Culture
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4235, ANTHR 7235, ARKEO 4235 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Frederic Gleach
"Res ipsa loquitur" -- the thing speaks for itself. This common expression captures a widespread belief about objects' roles in human lives, but "hearing" what objects have to say is actually a complex cultural process. An object rarely has a single meaning; they are read variously in different cultural settings, and even by different individuals within a cultural system. How does one know -- can one know -- the meanings of an object? How are objects strategically deployed in social interaction (particularly in cross-cultural interactions, where each side may have radically different understandings)? How does one even know what an object is? We will explore the history and variety of ways that material culture and its meanings have been studied, using archaeological and ethnographic examples.
Full details of ARKEO 7235
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ARKEO 7246 : Human Osteology
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4246, ANTHR 7246, ARKEO 4246 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Matthew Velasco
This is an intensive laboratory course in the study of human skeletal remains. A detailed knowledge of skeletal anatomy is fundamental to forensic anthropology, bioarchaeology, and the medical sciences. This course teaches students how to identify all 206 bones and 32 teeth of the human skeleton, in both complete and fragmentary states. Students will also learn osteological methods for establishing a biological profile (age-at-death, sex, stature, and biological affinity) and documenting skeletal trauma and pathological lesions. Hands-on laboratory training will be supplemented by case studies that demonstrate the importance of human osteology for criminal investigations in the present and the study of health and violence in the past. The ethics of working with human remains are also discussed.
Full details of ARKEO 7246
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ARKEO 7250 : Time and History in Ancient Mexico
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4256, ANTHR 7250, ARKEO 4256, LATA 4250, LATA 7250 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
Explores the ways Mesoamericans understood the world and their place in it, and the ways they constructed history as these are reflected in the few books that have survived from the period before the European invasion. Examines the structure of writing and systems of notation, especially calendars, and considers their potential for illuminating Mesoamerican world views and approaches to history.  Primary focus is detailed analysis of five precolumbian books: Codex Borgia, a central Mexican manual of divinatory ritual; Codex Boturini, a history of migration in central Mexico; Codex Nuttall, a Mixtec dynastic history; and two Maya books of astrology and divination, Codex Dresden and Codex Madrid.
Full details of ARKEO 7250
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ARKEO 7264 : Zooarchaeological Interpretation
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4264, ANTHR 7264, ARKEO 4264 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Nerissa Russell
This course is intended to follow on from Zooarchaeological Method in the fall; it is assumed that students have some familiarity with the nature of zooarchaeological material.  In this course, we will consider issues related to the interpretation of archaeological animal bones: quantification, seasonality, taphonomy, subsistence, the origins of hunting, animal domestication, modes of consumption, meat sharing, the use of secondary products (milk, wool, traction).
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ARKEO 7268 : Aztecs and Their Empire: Myth, History, and Politics
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4268, ANTHR 7268, ARKEO 4268, LATA 4268, LATA 7268 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
Examines the structure and history of the largest polity in ancient Mexico, the "empire" of the Aztecs, using descriptions left by Spanish invaders, accounts written by Aztecs under Colonial rule, and archaeological evidence. Explores Aztec visions of the past, emphasizing the roles of myth, religion, and identity in Aztec statecraft and the construction of history.
Full details of ARKEO 7268
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ARKEO 7460 : Heritage and its Entanglements: Representing, Collecting, and Preserving Cultural Identity
Crosslisted as: ANTHR 4460, ANTHR 7460, ARKEO 4460 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
John Henderson
An exploration of the ways that cultural heritage is embodied in things, particularly archaeological landscapes, sites, and artifacts.   Identifying stakeholders in relation to collecting and controlling these things and representing heritage is a key focus:  what voices should states and other political entities have?  local residents? descendants?  How should descendants be identified?  Other key topics include looting and the market in smuggled antiquities; repatriation; the ethics of studying and publishing looted objects; community engagement; forces that destroy heritage and strategies for preserving it; re-invented and imagined heritage.  These issues will be examined using the collections of the Johnson Museum of Art and through case studies, including Colonial Williamsburg, African Burial Ground, Harriet Tubman House, the ancient Maya, and archaeology in the Third Reich.
Full details of ARKEO 7460
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ARKEO 7736 : Aesthetics of the Sacred in Classical Antiquity
Crosslisted as: ARTH 6736, CLASS 6746, RELST 6746 Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Verity Platt
This course will explore archaeological and literary evidence for the production, display, ritual treatment, and cultural reception of sacred images in ancient Greece. We will focus on some of the most fertile and problematic themes relating to the representation of divine beings in material form, such as the potential and limitations of anthropomorphism; the use of alternative modes of material manifestation such as aniconism and theriomorphism (the representation of gods as animals); the relationship between "cult" and "votive" images; the replication and adaptation of cult statues to new contexts of display; and shifting attitudes to image-worship within polytheistic and monotheistic traditions. Students in Classics, Art History, Religious Studies and Anthropology should find this course of particular interest.
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ARKEO 7741 : Methods and Approaches in Current Archaeology
Crosslisted as: CLASS 7741 Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Sturt Manning
This seminar course aims to provide students with a review of, and encounter with, a key selection of the main methods and techniques used in current archaeological work, and to develop an understanding of the current practice of archaeology. Topics included are: (i) methods and practice in field archaeology (prospection, archaeological excavation and stratigraphy, survey archaeology and landscape), (ii) investigation of the climate and environmental context of the past, (iii) relative and absolute dating methods in archaeology, (iv) artifact analysis in archaeology (ceramics, stone, metals, etc.) and the role of the object in the discipline, and (v) approaches and issues in the analysis and interpretation of archaeological evidence (what questions to ask, and how to ask them).
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ARKEO 8901 : Master's Thesis
Semester offered: Fall 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Velasco
Matthew
Students, working individually with faculty member(s), prepare a master's thesis in archaeology.
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ARKEO 8902 : Master's Thesis
Semester offered: Spring 2019 Instructor:
Annetta Alexandridis
Benjamin Anderson
Caitlin Barrett
Sherene Baugher
Ananda Cohen-Aponte
Magnus Fiskesjo
Frederic Gleach
Kathryn Gleason
John Henderson
Kurt Jordan
Lori Khatchadourian
Sturt Manning
Christopher Monroe
Lauren Platt
Verity Rebillard
Eric Russell
Nerissa Smith
Adam Strauss
Barry Volman
Thomas Green
Denise Van Oyen
Astrid Velasco
Matthew
Students, working individually with faculty member(s), prepare a master's thesis in archaeology.
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